Type-1 diabetes is a medical condition that results from the ineffective functioning of your pancreas. This gland is responsible for producing insulin and stabilizing the blood sugar levels. Once your body does not receive enough insulin, the glucose that you assimilate from food cannot enter cells and produce energy bursts. Various side effects follow this illness which includes loss of bladder control, constant fatigue, and frequent mood changes.
Unfortunately, type-1 diabetes does not have a definitive cure. This illness is part of a group of medical conditions that are preferably prevented and rarely curable. Individual allopathic treatments have been developed to ease the pain and the struggle that patients have to endure.
Type-1 Diabetes symptoms
Juvenile diabetes is how earlier generations of doctors used to call type-1 diabetes. This name was chosen because the medical condition mainly affected children and teenagers. Here are some of the signs that indicate you might have type-1 diabetes:
- Bed wetting
- Constant thirst
- Relentless hunger
- A continuous feeling of fatigue
- Mood swings
- Eyesight problems
This illness can take over your body and only show one or two of the above symptoms. Doctors recommend full medical exams before you experience all the signs of type-1 diabetes.
Causes of juvenile diabetes
The biological process that leads to type-1 diabetes is a response from your immune system that sees the underproduction of insulin as a threat and subsequently starts destroying newly-formed cells in your pancreas. The exact causes of this illness, however, are not entirely known. Some doctors may indicate environmental factors, while others might relate your ailment to genetic heritage.
Juvenile diabetes occurs in children at a tender age, usually between 3 and nine years old. Teenagers are also susceptible to this disease between 10 and 15 years old. Another factor that might increase the risk of contracting this condition is represented by parents or siblings that already have it.
Type-1 diabetes affects most of your internal organs, including your heart, kidneys, liver and even your eyes. Here are some dangerous complications that might result from this illness:
- Kidney failure
- Heart disease
- Eye damage
- Skin rashes
- Fungal infections
- Neurological conditions
Unless you find a suitable donor for a pancreas transplant, there are small chances to cure type-1 diabetes fully. Your best option is to use allopathic treatments to make the condition easier to sustain in your everyday life.
The most common treatment for juvenile diabetes is insulin intake, which usually occurs through self-administered injections or medically assisted ones if the patient is not an adult. Other allopathic cures that make type-1 diabetes more supportable include:
- Drugs for high-blood pressure
- Regular aspirin
- Vitamin supplements
- Medication that diminishes the level of cholesterol
Once you are diagnosed with type-1 diabetes, you need to makes some serious changes to your lifestyle. You can ease the effects of this disease by practicing more sports and being more active on a regular basis. Dieting also plays a significant role in combating juvenile diabetes, and you will have to swap salty snacks and sugary beverages for fresh fruits and vegetables.
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Cancer is one of the leading causes of death at a worldwide scale. This illness affects persons of all ages, and it has various health implications during each stage of its development. Unfortunately, a perfect cure for this medical condition has not yet fully been developed.
Scientists work relentlessly to determine if the medicine of the future will solve cancer as quick as an aspirin dissipates a headache nowadays. While this scenario is highly improbable now, certain medical discoveries like the T-cell immunotherapies are starting to pave the long road to finding the ultimate cancer remedy.
What is the T-cell-based cancer immunotherapy?
T-lymphocyte cell, also known as T-cells, are an important component of our immune system. They also wear the nickname of “killer cells” for their action against potentially tumor cells. Doctors consider t-cells to have a significant role in cancer elimination. Their research spans more than four decades in which they tried to “teach” the T-cells to attack the tumor cells before they are fully developed. Currently, the manipulation of killer cells is not complete, but the researchers are very optimistic that the process will soon reach its final stage.
How does the T-cell immunotherapy work?
There are two ways of using T-cells against cancer cells. The first one uses adoptive cell transfer (ACT) and the second one uses antibodies that have similar properties to T-cells. Since the ACT method is currently the object of advanced research, we will focus on explaining its mechanisms in this article.
The ACT method uses two types of T-cells to fight off tumors:
- Natural, unmodified cells with anticancer properties.
- Genetically processed cells that have been programmed to recognize tumors.
There is an entire medical process that prepares the host body to accept the transfer of T-cells. Firstly, chemical reactions are directly caused to diminish the number of antibodies that might destroy the incoming antitumor cells. Next, the immune system is forced into considering the T-cells as produced internally and encouraged to boost their remedial action through cell multiplication. Therefore, the T-cells act as seeds for future antitumor cells that your body copies and uses to eliminate the cancer-developing cells.
The future of T-cell immunotherapy
Even if the use of T-cells to destroy cancer cells has been partially successful in the past decade, researchers consider this therapy to be still far from completion. They believe that this type of medicine of the future has a lot of potentials that can only be achieved through intense study. Unfortunately, the medical research of T-cell immunotherapy requires particular environmental conditions and substantial funding. Considering the actual state of the world economy and the decreasing sponsorships for scientific studies, many believe that another 20-30 years will pass until this method will become a successful tool against cancer.
It is also worth noting that the adverse side effects of T-cell immunotherapy have not yet been sufficiently studied, and they cannot be entirely anticipated. Just like other trial treatments for cancer have previously generated negative health concerns, the same can happen for this innovational, yet unpredictable remedy.
Every year, the number of old men and women that are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia increases dramatically. While the doctors have not yet found an effective cure for this medical condition, the medical field is optimistic following a recent study that has delivered remarkable results.
A team of researchers at the Queensland Brain Institute led by Professor Jürgen Götz has discovered the benefits of ultrasound therapy in mice. It seems that exposure to this type of treatment restored old memories in the small rodents. It might not seem like a major medical breakthrough, but the doctors believe that this is a crucial step to finding a cure for Alzheimer’s disease in humans.
How ultrasound therapy works
Previous attempts to use ultrasound therapy on mice had been discarded because many scientists believe that this method would bring permanent damage to the brains of the subjects. After obtaining the necessary certifications for this study, Professor Götz and his team of researchers discovered that ultrasounds have beneficial effects on aging brains.
Researchers believe that memory loss associated with the aging process is produced by the reduction of the hippocampal structure, which is responsible for storing memories. The particular result of the Queensland Brain Institute study revealed that ultrasounds maintain the brain’s youth, and subsequently its size.
The financial importance of ultrasound therapy
Scientific studies have shown that the number of US residents who have Alzheimer’s disease increases with almost 1 million every year. Many doctors believe that by 2070, over 5% of the American population will struggle with this medical condition. This fact is worrying especially for the economy and the money invested in medicine.
Currently, Alzheimer’s disease is partially treated with drugs and antibodies. However, few patients can afford this treatment that varies between $20,000 and $120,000 per year. The researchers at Queensland Brain Institute consider that an eventual cure for dementia and memory loss using ultrasound therapy will reduce the costs drastically and become available for a large number of patients.
Earlier studies on Alzheimer’s disease
Professor Jürgen Götz and his team of scientists have dedicated many years of extensive medical research in the quest to find the ultimate cure for Alzheimer’s disease. Their efforts are easy to understand as almost 300,000 Australians are currently struggling with this condition, and their number is on a constant rise.
Previous medical research on Alzheimer’s disease and dementia was solely focused on medicinal drugs and the expansion of earlier studies, which advocated the use of chemical substances. The ultrasound therapy seems a much safer and healthier alternative to former remedies.
What’s next for Alzheimer fighters?
Despite its recent success, the Queensland Brain Institute has publically announced that their research in finding the perfect treatment for Alzheimer’s disease is only just beginning. Next, the scientists want to test the ultrasound therapy on older specimens of lab rats to determine just how effective the method can become. Whatever the result will be, the fact that one of the humanity’s worse ailments is close to being cured is good enough news for millions of people out there.
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